Critical Thinking

All of us make daily decisions that involve California's precious natural resources. Whether we choose paper or plastic at the grocery store, reuse our lunch bag, water our garden or mulch our flower beds with bark, we are using natural resources on a daily basis. Where did the 2x4s used to frame your house come from? Were they shipped thousands of miles or did they come from trees in a nearby forest? Should we be concerned about pollution from large wildfires? What is sustainable forestry?

These are just a few of the questions you may ask about California's natural resources. The Forest Foundation would like to help you find the information you need to learn more about these issues. Please explore the following articles and links.


Fire Ecology

Fire Ecology

Of all of the natural forces that have shaped forest ecosystems over the millennia, fire has had the most impact. The history of forest policy reflects a changing attitude and awareness of what fire is and what role it plays in the land. Understanding the benefits and the dangers of fire, the possible uses and avoidable misuses, is an important step towards maintaining a sustainable future.

Volume 12 Number 1 Eco-Link is a quarterly publication of the Temperate Forest Foundation © 2007 Temperate Forest Foundation

Solving the Wildfire Crisis

Solving the Wildfire Crisis:

A narrated CD presentation on forest health and wildfire risk. Hosted by Dr. Thomas M. Bonnicksen, Ph. D. This photo-filled presentation provides an expert's perspective on California's forest health and wildfire crises. In it, Dr. Thomas Bonnicksen clearly explains what has led to the epic destruction and overwhelming wildfire threat that now plague California's forests, as well as how we can make our forests and communities safe again.

Watch The Video
Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests

Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests

A Photographic Interpretation of Ecological Change Since 1849 by George E. Gruell

In Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests, George Gruell examines California's treasured mountain range through historical photographs and modern retakes. The photographs document changes in the Sierran ecosystem over the pat 150 years.

Make a $50 charitable donation to The Forest Foundation and receive a copy of Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests.

Tested By Fire

Tested By Fire

On September 26, 2002, the Cone Fire began in a part of the forest thick with underbrush and trees, and quickly grew into a high-intensity crown fire. Left behind were the charred skeletons of trees and a forest floor turned to ash. But islands of green remained, telling a compelling story about fire.

Tested By Fire - Science Perspectives, Spring 2007, USDA Forest Service PSW

Download Tested By Fire

Protecting Communities And Savings Forests

Protecting Communities And Savings Forests - The Seeds of a Solution

Using history as a guide and modern science as its primary tool, restoration forestry acknowledges the many values people expect from forests, such as the need to keep forests biologically diverse and productive and the importance of ensuring the safety of forest communities. It addresses the economic realities, ecological challenges and social demands of making forests great again.

Download Protecting Communities And Savings Forests

Please click on the following links for information about restoring specific species:

Dr. Bonnicksen

Restoration Forestry

Restoration forestry is the concept of restoring modern forests to health using history as a guide. Restoration forestry provides a blueprint to return our public forests, especially national forests, to a more natural, healthy, and fire resistant condition.

The following content explains restoration forestry and the vision of Dr. Thomas M. Bonnicksen, Ph.D., one of the nation's foremost forestry experts and originator of the concept of "restoration forestry."

Dr. Bonnicksen is author of America's Ancient Forests: from the Ice Age to the Age of Discovery (John Wiley & Sons, 2000), Professor Emeritus of forest science at Texas A&M University, and a Visiting Scholar with The Forest Foundation.

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California Forests Magazine

California Forests magazine...

View/download the FALL 2009 issue of California Forests magazine (2mb PDF).

Established in 1997, California Forests magazine is circulated among nearly 10,000 readers. California Forests is distributed to CFA members, high school and university libraries, lobbyists, local chambers of commerce, local, state and federal government officials, and members of the media. The magazine reaches top decision makers throughout California and in Washington, D.C.

Annual subscriptions are available for $20.00. Don't miss one issue. And advertising in California Forests also shows your support for CFA efforts and targets your message directly to the state's decision makers, as well as promoting your business to thousands of readers. Contact Lori Vance for subscription and advertising opportunities or Bob Mion for content inquiries at or call (916) 444-6592.

California Losing More Than 30,700 Acres Of Forestland Per Year

California Losing More Than 30,700 Acres Of Forestland Per Year

California has lost forests on federally owned land at the rate of more than 30,700 acres per year over the last seven years because of a lack of replanting following catastrophic forest fires, according to a review of Forest Service data by The Forest Foundation and the National Association of Forest Service Retirees.

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Forests and the Carbon Cycle

Climate Change

Climate Change: Forests and Carbon Sequestration

Volume 16, Number 2

A vital role of forests is recycling of air in the lower atmosphere. Forests store and release carbon dioxide through natural processes. As a tree grows it takes in CO2 from the atmosphere and releases oxygen in the process of photosynthesis. The carbon that is taken from the air is incorporated into sugars (such as glucose), that become the building blocks for production of wood. About one-half the weight of dry wood is carbon and that carbon is stored or sequestered as long as the wood is in existence.

© 2007 Temperate Forest Foundation

Carbon Cycle Poster

Carbon Cycle Poster

The poster graphically demonstrates the cycle of carbon absorption, storage and release into the atmosphere. Included are visuals that explain the role of sustainable forestry, wood products and wildfires.

Download the Poster


Forests and Water

Anadromous Fish and Pacific Forests

Volume 8, Number 3 Eco-Link is a quarterly publication of the Temperate Forest Foundation
© 2007 Temperate Forest Foundation



A Guide To California's Wildlife On Private Forestlands

Online: A Guide To California's Wildlife On Private Forestlands

California features amazingly diverse wildlife populations, but how do animals choose where to live? Throughout history, events like fire, landslides, earthquakes, windstorms, volcanic eruptions, climate changes and disease have led to dramatic changes in the forest landscape and profoundly effected wildlife. For at least 10,000 years, Native Americans have managed the land to provide hunting grounds, shelter and grow grasses for basket making.

Download A Guide To California's Wildlife

Downloadable activities and lessons for use with Wildlife Book

Wildlife and Forests

Wildlife and Forests Volume 16, Number 1

Forests are made up of much more than just trees. They are dynamic ecosystems filled with intricate relationships between flora and fauna. Every part of a forest, whether it is a worm, mushroom or cougar, plays an integral role in the ecological web that makes up forests.

Eco-Link is a quarterly publication of the Temperate Forest Foundation
2007 Temperate Forest Foundation